lundi 11 décembre 2017

Ranking of french medicine schools

https://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/university-subject-rankings/2017/medicine

US media debacle

https://theintercept.com/2017/12/09/the-u-s-media-yesterday-suffered-its-most-humiliating-debacle-in-ages-now-refuses-all-transparency-over-what-happened/

EU is splitted and it will worsen

Western Europe is collectivist and open to African immigration but Eastern Europe is a conservative and free market set very hostile to immigration.
The eurozone is led by the ECB which prints money to bail out indebted states at the expense of citizen taw payers id est spoliation.
Northern Eurozone is fiscally conservative, efficiently managed but Southern Eurozone is Keynesian and/or bankrupted.


Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies: a wild concurrence to central bank emission and spoliation of citizens

There is no basis for money supply to avoid escaping state regulation and state spoliation.

The technology of bitcoin is viable. There is high yield but also high risk.
As usual.

Growth in France is the privilege of public debt

The end of public debt is in the trend: growth of debt is unsustainable

Radiology and AI

https://www.wsj.com/articles/how-robots-may-make-radiologists-jobs-easier-not-redundant-1511368729

dimanche 10 décembre 2017

Social constructed versus genetically determined structures

https://www.google.fr/amp/s/www.slate.fr/story/150447/faiminisme-bonnes-feuilles%3Famp

Incohérence de la classe politique à propos du glyphosate

Les Républicains sont aussi incohérents que Macron sur ce sujet car ils obéissent au doigt et a l’oeil aux verts et font semblant de soutenir les agriculteurs français gros consommateurs de pesticides et d’herbicides.
G Peltier en remet une couche en parlant de la nécessité d’une recherche d’alternatives... dans un pays qui a la dépense publique la plus élevée du monde, on s’étonne que l’ensemble des mammouths CNRS Inra Inserm et autres agences, on s’étonne que le monopole de l’assurance-maladie MSA CNAM n’aient pas encore accouché d’une étude dont les données sont dans leurs ordinateurs.
All talk no action.
https://www.republicains.fr/actualites_glyphosate_les_republicains_denoncent_incoherence_macron_20171127

Diversity a new exclusive meaning in the progressivist world

James Damore is a fool. He didn't understand that we're in an era in which neologisms have replaced language and vocabulary has been hijacked to become Leftist code words. "Diversity" no longer has the neutral, objective meaning of "an array of different items or choices" (as in "a conference presenting diverse views on the  causes of World War I"); it has been stripped of its connection to intellectual perspectives and opinions. Diversity now is code for a leftist policy to exclude males and/or white phenotypes from the lineup in academia, the arts and corporations. That is its only meaning. To work in tech and not know this is to be too clueless to live.

samedi 9 décembre 2017

EuWB: don’t try to find the acronym because it doesn’t exist!

http://gs.statcounter.com/export/index.php https://www.cnet.com/news/eu-gives-obscure-browsers-a-big-chance/

https://www.cnet.com/news/eu-gives-obscure-browsers-a-big-chance/


Because the EU regulates and as a csq there is a desert of European browsers! The case against Microsoft only help the GAFA and Microsoft

ENA/Bercy state is France monarchy

Very weak results


Public spending without duty

vendredi 8 décembre 2017

Benchmarking of the ENA/Bercy state

How to disincentive businesses investment by a fiscal overpressure

RW Fogel's perspective and the the birth of Europe

RW Fogel NP

Il n'y a qu'un parti au pouvoir depuis Mitterrand celui de la dette et du collectivisme

Celui qui a pris la photo veut détruire la droite n'est ce pas? Mais en même temps un conservateur, responsable sur le plan fiscal, conscient de la dérive collectiviste et totalitaire de la gauche de ce pays  peut-il faire "la bise" à Hidalgo? Non bien évidemment, donc ce photographe militant a raison et il rend service au débat politique.

"The blood of your parents is not lost in you."

Menelaus, the Odyssey

Glyphosate next stage of the story

http://www.liberation.fr/amphtml/planete/2017/12/07/l-autorisation-europeenne-du-glyphosate-va-t-elle-etre-annulee_1615073

jeudi 7 décembre 2017

A-fib is an iceberg: this device dives in the unseen of A-fib

Alivecor got the FDA approval

French Conservatives are missing the point and they will probably not be able to get the conservative votes




La responsabilité et sa conséquence l'arrêt de l'endettement public, mais bon sang où sont ils?

Toujours pas de responsabilité financière de l'état ni de préoccupation au sujet de la dette

Il n'y a plus rien à faire, attendons le FMI









About wild yeast and terroir: the link is not a myth!

"Wild Yeast

Many Rías Baixas winemakers now favour fermenting their grapes with the native yeasts found in their vineyards. Though it can be challenging to make wine with wild yeasts, they believe the resulting aromas are a more authentic reflection of the characteristics of the Albariño grape and their terroir."


http://www.wsj.com/video/blowing-in-the-wind-wild-yeast-produces-beer-with-terroir/2D1D23E4-95D4-4ADC-A235-A86498CD418B.html

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/food-and-drink/wine/wild-yeast-fermenting-risky-radical-but-the-route-to-better-wine/




https://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/food-and-wine/wine/what-is-wild-yeast-the-ingredient-thats-all-the-rage-in-wine-beer-and-cider/article34148939/

And eventually:
Csoma, H., et al., 2010, “Biological diversity of Saccharomyces yeasts of spontaneously fermenting wines in four wine regions: Comparative genotypic and phenotypic analysis”, IntJ FoodMicrobiol140, 239–248.
McGuireD., etal., 2011, “Selection and characterization of autochthonous yeast starter strains isolated from Portuguese musts”, 9e SymposiumInternationalD'OenologieDe Bordeaux.
Pretorius, I. S., 2000, “Tailoringwineyeastfor the new millennium: novel approaches to the ancient art of wine-making”, Yeast16, 675-729.
Rodriguez-Palero, et al., 2013, “SelectionofanautochthonousSaccharomycesstrainstarterfor alcoholicfermentationofSherrybase wines”, J IndMicrobiolBiotechnol40, 613–623.
Tosi, E., etal., 2009, “Evidence of different fermentation behaviours of two indigenous strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Saccharomyces uvarum isolated from Amarone wine”, J ApplMicrobiol107, 210–218.

Tristezza, M., etal., 2012, “Autochthonous fermentation starters for the industrial production of Negroamaro wines”, J IndMicrobiolBiotechnol39, 81–92.


Csoma

Abstract Article history: Received 4 July 2009 Received in revised form 16 February 2010 Accepted 13 March 2010 Keywords: Wine Yeasts Biodiversity Fermentation Secondary metabolites Combination of molecular genetic analysis (karyotyping, PCR-RFLP of MET2, the ITS1-ITS2 region and the NTS region) and physiological examination (melibiose and mannitol utilization, sugar-, ethanol- and copper tolerance, killer activity, fermentation vigor and production of metabolites) of yeasts isolated from spontaneously fermenting wines in four wine regions revealed very high diversity in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae populations. Practically each S. cerevisiae isolate showed a unique pattern of properties. Although the strains originating from the same wine were quite similar in certain traits, they showed diversity in other properties. These results indicate that alcoholic fermentation in grape wines is performed by highly diverse yeast consortia rather than by one or two dominating strains. The less frequent Saccharomyces uvarum strains were less diverse, showed lower karyotype variability, were Mel+, Man+, more sensitive to 60% sugar, and ethanol or copper in the medium. They produced less acetic acid and fermented better at 14 °C than most of the S. cerevisiae isolates, but certain S. cerevisiae strains showed comparably high fermentation rates at this temperature, indicating that it is not a general rule that S. uvarum ferments better than S. cerevisiae at low temperatures. The segregation of certain traits (melibiose utilization, mannitol utilization and copper resistance) in both species indicates that the genomes can easily change during vegetative propagation. The higher diversity among the S. cerevisiae isolates suggests that the S. cerevisiae genome may be more flexible than the S. uvarum genome and may allow more efficient adaptation to the continuously changing environment in the fermenting wine.

mardi 5 décembre 2017

Les médias français s'enfonce dans le socialisme réel : "la poste doit être gratuite"

http://rmc.bfmtv.com/emission/la-poste-rend-visite-aux-personnes-agees-c-est-choquant-que-ce-service-devienne-payant-1200870.html

Marx's theory of labor

"Would be more accurate if it quoted chicken or pig. These are monogastrics or single stomach animals closer to humans. Through industrial processing we break down grains so that the sugar and other nutrients become usable because we have broken the protecting grain/oilseed hull. Otherwise they would pass straight through in nature in a fertile medium of poop. Nature's way of plant distribution  and survival. Most grains etc are fed to fatten chicken and pigs, the so called healthy meats whereas red meat from ruminants is the healthiest, especially if grass fattened.  Grain fattened increases to inflammatory essential fatty acids Omega 6's to up to 20 to 1 out of balance.  Natural grass fat meats are roughly Omega 6:3 balanced less than 2 to 1 as per ancestral diets. This I suspect is the underlying or fundamental problem with modern plant, grain based, diets, not providing sufficient high quality anti-cancer, anti- inflammatory Omega 3's.  These comprise much of the fats in human brains and eyes and lack of them are believed responsible for many of ills of humans, not least dementia's."

En finir avec l'ignorance ou la croyance à propos de l'homosexualité!

Crise génitale
Noyau supra-chiasmatique

http://www.pnas.org/content/105/30/10273.full



https://ac.els-cdn.com/000689939090350K/1-s2.0-000689939090350K-main.pdf?_tid=3becd8d0-b8b9-11e7-b4fd-00000aab0f01&acdnat=1508849317_790532850bd1224ab22ed7c6ffcf6aff


Il ne s'agit pas de connexions synaptiques du neocortex!

http://www.pnas.org/content/105/30/10273.full.pdf

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/cross-check/bizarre-brain-implant-experiment-sought-to-cure-homosexuality/

Judaisme et conception du monde






« Le travail est grand », enseigne le Talmud, « car il honore l'ouvrier », Nedarim 49b. Et, « Celui qui n'apprend pas à son fils un métier lui apprend à voler », Kidouchin 29a. D'une manière générale, le Talmud a hérité de ce que l'on pourrait appeler l'esprit dopaminergique de l'Ancien Testament. L'économiste tchèque Tomáš Sedláček l'exprime le mieux. Comme il l'écrit dans Economics of good and evil, « Dieu remet sa création à l'homme dans un état quelque peu incomplet (on pourrait presque dire comme un produit semi-fini) et laisse l'homme mettre la touche finale et compléter ainsi la création ... Un acte de réalisation de notre part représente la création d'une construction, l'imputation du sens et de l'ordre (ce qui est magnifiquement exprimé par l'acte biblique de nommage, ou de catégorisation, de tri, d'ordonnancement). »
  En définitive, « l'héritage clé » de la pensée juive réside dans « l'absence d'une perception ascétique du monde, le respect du droit et de la propriété privée, mais elle a aussi jeté les bases de notre armotisseur social. Les Hébreux n'ont jamais méprisé la richesse matérielle; au contraire, la gestion des biens est une grande responsabilité pour la foi juive. De même, l'idée de progrès et la perception linéaire du temps donnent un sens à notre vie (économique) -- et nous devons cela à l'époque de l'Ancien Testament ... Nous avons un rôle de finisseurs de la création, à la fois concrètement, mais aussi dans un sens ontologique plus abstrait. » Tel est ce dont nous devons nous souvenir dans l'Occident de plus en plus dé-judaïsé, submergé par des idéologies spirituellement mortifères qui condamnent le progrès, la science, le capitalisme, et l'exploitation de la nature.

Grégoire Canlorbe

Alaric, la décadence de Rome, l'occident chrétien et Cioran après le 11 septembre, Madrid, Toulouse et le Bataclan.



"Toute civilisation exténuée attend son barbare et tout barbare attend son démon.

l'Occident ? une pourriture qui sent bon, un cadavre parfumé...

Tous ces peuples étaient grands, parce qu'ils avaient de grands préjugés..

Ils n'en ont plus.

Sont-ils encore des nations ?

Tout au plus des foules désagrégées.. "

Who will correlate PISA scores with public spending on education id est teaching?

http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/File:Public_expenditure_on_education_(excluding_early_childhood_educational_development)_as_a_share_of_GDP,_2014_(%25)_YB17-fr.png

CRISPR manual

Punitive ecology versus soil carbon sequestration

https://mobile.nytimes.com/2017/12/02/opinion/sunday/soil-power-the-dirty-way-to-a-green-planet.html?referer=http://m.facebook.com


https://www.earth-syst-dynam.net/8/577/2017/esd-8-577-2017.pdf


Willie Durham regenerative agriculture

http://neiwpcc.org/nationalnpsold/documents/presentations/Brandon%20Smith_Session3.pdf

Macron, n’est pas Jupiter, c’est un remake de Sarkozy

Macron me rappelle décidément de plus en plus Sarkozy :
Tonitruant sur les conséquences silencieux et passif sur les causes.
Sa dernière sortie sur l’audiovisuel public en est l’exemple type.

D’Ormesson prince des formules

« « Si l'univers est le fruit du hasard, si nous ne sommes rien d'autre qu'un assemblage à la va-comme-je-te-pousse de particules périssables, nous n'avons pas la moindre chance d'espérer quoi que ce soit après la mort inéluctable. 
Si Dieu, en revanche, et ce que nous appelons à tort son esprit et sa volonté sont à l'origine de l'univers, tout est possible. Même l'invraisemblable. D'un côté, la certitude de l'absurde. De l'autre, la chance du mystère. » 


La réponse de l’athée de service bon soldat du politiquement correct ne s’est pas fait attendre, sans égard pour le défunt qui formula si élégamment la question et le choix qui lui apparaissait moins douloureux:
« Nous ne sommes que des particules de l'univers et le resterons après notre mort physisque. »



Ces français pleins de certitudes dans un univers d’incertitude. Quel déclin!
Le rationalisme ce n’est pas choisir et afficher ses certitudes, c’est mesurer le niveau d’incertitude dans lequel se trouve nos assertions. S’agissant d’un tiers qui aurait joué et joue un rôle décisif dans le dessein et l’aboutissement de cet univers force est de constater que le niveau d’incertitude est très élevé. D’un côté le manque de preuves positives et de l’autre l’emerveillement devant cette perfection physique. Il faut donc être extrêmement prudent. Dans les deux cas faut-il le rappeler nous sommes responsables de faire le bien.

lundi 4 décembre 2017

Le mensonge de l’état fort: qui taxe fort est faible.

"La force des gouvernements est en raison inverse du poids des impôts. Plus l'impôt est lourd et moins le gouvernement est fort"

Emile de Girardin 

les 52, Le socialisme et l'impôt, 1849, p105


Je conseille cette lecture fascinante car on croirait voir le futur alors que c'est un passé non révolu... Un continuum de taxations inefficaces caractéristiques d'un état stupide.

"Nous n'avons fait la révolution que pour être maitres de l'impôt" 

Lavie 27 août 1791




https://books.google.fr/books?id=OQEoAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

Après lui la France a été sacrifiée à l'immigration et à la dette, il faudra une révolution Trumpienne ou la faillite 

Tous pour plus de dépense publique, d'impôts et de dette alors que bien sur ils ont tous prospérés en politique avec des promesses inverses


Les compères de l'état faible qui ont des centaines de milliards de dette publique au compteur!

Quand il s'agit d'impôt Juppé est en tête

Offrir autre chose que la collusion? Ils en sont incapables car ils ont le même logiciel


Montesquieu L'esprit des lois

Et bien sur ils sont TOUS pour un état qui taxe fort:
https://thegap-cosmosophy.blogspot.fr/2017/11/un-etat-fort-une-republique-forte.html


The new SMART score becomes wrong by using gender instead of biological sex

https://www.escardio.org/Education/ESC-Prevention-of-CVD-Programme/Risk-assessment/SMART-Risk-Score?utm_medium=Email&utm_source=Email&utm_date=10/17/2017&utm_subscriber=003D000001T85GSIAZ&utm_campaign=ESC-Newsletter-2017-week-42


As the genomics of risk measurement is based on several genes including sexual chromosomes it is biological sex that should be considered and not gender affectation.

Comme la génomique de la mesure du risque repose sur plusieurs gènes, y compris les chromosomes sexuels, c'est le sexe biologique qui doit être pris en compte et non l'affectation sexuelle.

Speed limits

https://priceonomics.com/is-every-speed-limit-too-low/

Glyphosate next step

http://glyphosatecancerquotesfrench.bitballoon.com/

https://www.facebook.com/sciencepop.fr/posts/1960216364242519:0

Animals and “agricultural construction “

https://sciencepop.fr/2017/12/03/animal-agriculture-intensive-pesticides/

jeudi 23 novembre 2017

Ketodiet

http://www.cell.com/cell-metabolism/fulltext/S1550-4131(17)30490-4


http://www.cell.com/cell-metabolism/fulltext/S1550-4131(17)30489-8

Soviet Union

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tS55AlUclKw

Un état fort, une république forte, arrêtez on étouffe!

Chers amis,
Pour reconstruire une République forte qui protège ses citoyens, je défends une droite qui veut rétablir l'autorité de l'Etat, l'autorité de la loi et la nécessité de l'ordre. La première des libertés est le droit à la sécurité. Au moment où la délinquance explose et où les menaces terroristes se multiplient, le domaine régalien ne doit pas être la variable d'ajustement de la politique budgétaire du gouvernement.
Rompre avec la culture du laxisme qui paralyse l'Etat, c'est d'abord mettre les mots sur les actes : un criminel n'est pas une victime de la société, c'est un criminel. La sécurité doit être une priorité, avec des forces de l'ordre modernisées et plus nombreuses, une justice ferme et rapide, la construction de nouvelles places de prison et le rétablissement des peines-plancher pour les multirécidivistes.
L'immigration doit aussi être strictement encadrée et soumise au respect d'un véritable pacte d'assimilation républicaine. Ce n'est pas à la France de s'adapter aux étrangers, c'est aux étrangers de s'adapter à la France. Ceux que nous avons choisis d'accueillir doivent exercer un travail, maîtriser notre langue, s'approprier notre mode de vie et respecter nos règles communes. C'est une question d'unité nationale, mais aussi de respect.
Et face à la naïveté d'Emmanuel Macron sur la menace terroriste que nous subissons au quotidien, nous n'accepterons aucune compromission dans la lutte contre l'islamisme radical et contre tous les prêcheurs de haine qui veulent prendre les armes contre notre pays.
A la tête des Républicains, je me battrai sans relâche pour que les Français se sentent à nouveau en sécurité en France. Notre famille politique doit se montrer intransigeante et assumer l'idéal d'une République forte face à un pouvoir laxiste qui désarme notre pays.
Merci infiniment de votre engagement à mes côtés. C'est ensemble, avec vous, grâce à votre soutien, que nous reconstruirons la droite républicaine que les Français attendent.
Vous pouvez compter sur ma totale détermination.
Avec toute mon amitié,







https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HkMAfvRAURU


Mélenchon: il n'y a pas de république sans un état fort...



Au final les français demandent exactement l'inverse, un état de petite taille, agile, concentré sur ses tâches essentielles et capable de démontrer son efficience par ses résultats.
Un état qui laisse la liberté à la société civile et aux entrepreneurs.

Uncertainty in Medecine and epidemiology

http://www.pseudo-sciences.org/spip.php?article2907

mercredi 22 novembre 2017

Bodyclock and wound repair

http://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-wounds-bodyclock/wounds-sustained-at-night-heal-twice-as-slowly-scientists-find-idUSKBN1D82U9

The left is leftist and the right wants to replace the left.

http://econlog.econlib.org/archives/2016/03/my_simplistic_t_1.html

jeudi 16 novembre 2017

The roots of terror


" La Révolution m'aurait entraîné, si elle n'eût débuté par des crimes : je vis la première tête portée au bout d'une pique , et je reculai. Jamais le meurtre ne sera à mes yeux un objet d'admiration et un argument de liberté ; je ne connais rien de plus servile, de plus méprisable, de plus lâche , de plus borné qu'un terroriste."
Chateaubriand

Before the German-Soviet pact of Ribbentrop and Molotov, the roots of cooperation between the two totalitarianisms

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lipetsk_fighter-pilot_school

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Rapallo_(1922)

One must read this paper:
https://www.jstor.org/stable/1986524?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

also:

http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/rapallo_001.asp


https://books.google.fr/books?id=s42U33iW_nYC&pg=PT306&lpg=PT306&dq=Dyck,+Harvey+Leonard.+Weimar+Germany+%26+Soviet+Russia+1926-1933+(1966)&source=bl&ots=EisHTWpPS8&sig=0isNt7v2IKAZ7qIIQ6d6t4ev0bk&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiDiqiXm8XXAhXFIlAKHa2oCCgQ6AEIWjAQ#v=onepage&q=Dyck%2C%20Harvey%20Leonard.%20Weimar%20Germany%20%26%20Soviet%20Russia%201926-1933%20(1966)&f=false



The "forgotten" story of the links between communism and Nazism.

Orwell

 "Connaître et ne pas connaître. En pleine conscience et avec une absolue bonne foi, émettre des mensonges soigneusement agencés. Retenir simultanément deux opinions qui s’annulent alors qu’on les sait contradictoires et croire à toutes deux. Employer la logique contre la logique. Répudier la morale alors qu’on se réclame d’elle. Oublier tout ce qu’il est nécessaire d’oublier, puis le rappeler à sa mémoire quand on en a besoin, pour l’oublier plus rapidement encore". George Orwell, 1984.

mercredi 15 novembre 2017

PAD: association of NOCA and aspirin is efficient despite a higher risk of bleeding

COMPASS
COMPASS study 


COMPASS PAD: Among 7,470 participants with peripheral arterial disease (PAD), 4,129 had symptomatic PAD, 1,919 had carotid disease, and 1,422 had coronary artery disease plus ankle-brachial index <0 .9.="" br="">

Major adverse cardiac events (MACE): 5.1% for rivaroxaban plus aspirin, 6.0% for rivaroxaban alone, vs. 6.9% for aspirin alone (p = 0.005 for rivaroxaban plus aspirin vs. aspirin alone; p = 0.19 for rivaroxaban alone vs. aspirin alone)
Major adverse limb events: 6.3% for rivaroxaban plus aspirin, 7.6% for rivaroxaban alone, vs. 9.0% for aspirin alone (p = 0.0003 for rivaroxaban plus aspirin vs. aspirin alone; p = 0.08 for rivaroxaban alone vs. aspirin alone)
Major bleeding: 3.1% for rivaroxaban plus aspirin, 3.2% for rivaroxaban alone, vs. 1.9% for aspirin alone (p = 0.009 for rivaroxaban plus aspirin vs. aspirin alone; p = 0.004 for rivaroxaban alone vs. aspirin alone)



Study Design
Randomized
Parallel
Blinded

Patients with stable atherosclerosis were randomized to rivaroxaban 2.5 mg twice daily plus aspirin (n = 9,152) vs. rivaroxaban alone (n = 9,117) vs. aspirin alone (n = 9,126).
Total number of enrollees: 27,395
Duration of follow-up: mean 23 months
Mean patient age: 68 years
Percentage female: 23%
Percentage with diabetes: 38%

Inclusion criteria:
Atherosclerosis in ≥2 vascular beds or two additional risk factors (current smoking, diabetes, renal insufficiency, heart failure, or nonlacunar ischemic stroke ≥1 month)

Exclusion criteria:
High bleeding risk
Recent stroke or previous hemorrhagic or lacunar stroke
Severe heart failure
Advanced kidney disease
Use of dual antiplatelet therapy or anticoagulation
Limited prognosis

Principal Findings:

The primary outcome, incidence of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke, occurred in 4.1% of the rivaroxaban plus aspirin group vs. 4.9% of the rivaroxaban alone group vs. 5.4% of the aspirin alone group (p < 0.001 for rivaroxaban plus aspirin vs. aspirin alone; p = 0.12 for rivaroxaban alone vs. aspirin alone). The primary efficacy outcome was the same in all tested subgroups.

Secondary outcomes:
All-cause mortality: 3.4% for rivaroxaban plus aspirin, 4.0% for rivaroxaban alone, vs. 4.1% for aspirin alone (p = 0.01 for rivaroxaban plus aspirin vs. aspirin alone; p = 0.67 for rivaroxaban alone vs. aspirin alone)
Stroke: 0.9% for rivaroxaban plus aspirin, 1.3% for rivaroxaban alone, vs. 1.6% for aspirin alone (p < 0.001 for rivaroxaban plus aspirin vs. aspirin alone; p = 0.12 for rivaroxaban alone vs. aspirin alone)
Major bleeding: 3.1% for rivaroxaban plus aspirin, 2.8% for rivaroxaban alone, vs. 1.9% for aspirin alone (p < 0.001 for rivaroxaban plus aspirin vs. aspirin alone, p < 0.001 for rivaroxaban alone vs. aspirin alone)




Open data à partir du SNIIRAM: ADO versus AVK

https://www.cardiologie-pratique.com/axistv/video/aod-versus-avk-aod-conteste

Nicholas Moore

Les résultats sont "encore mieux que dans les essais cliniques"...
Non. Les essais clinique suffisent.

mardi 14 novembre 2017

In the EU the proof of the concept

https://fee.org/articles/why-the-worst-humans-are-able-to-rise-to-power/?hubspot_id={{contact.email}}




Glyphosate does not cause cancer

Science is not believing. Science is about facts.
This has never been done for an herbicide at such scale

lundi 13 novembre 2017

There's no stimulus free lunch

It's hard to spend wisely and spend fast.

http://ac.matra.free.fr/FB/stimulusbecker.pdf
Keep in mind that the so-called "multiplier" is not different from zero as bob Barrow said it.
.

https://www.forbes.com/sites/nickschulz/2011/10/04/yes-there-is-such-thing-as-a-free-lunch-its-called-immigration/#41415afe6edc

How to open selectively the doors to high skilled immigrants?

vendredi 10 novembre 2017

Robert Putnam: diversity and negative externalities

http://theweek.com/articles/732634/altrights-favorite-academic

AI a review

https://www.hbrfrance.fr/chroniques-experts/2017/09/17018-intelligence-artificielle-place-aura-demain-letre-humain/

jeudi 9 novembre 2017

Finally US bonds will come back as investments

http://bfmbusiness.bfmtv.com/monde/donald-trump-et-xi-jinping-devoilent-des-accords-commerciaux-pour-des-montants-vertigineux-1298979.html

250 billions US doll
What a trip of DT in China!

Exercise and health


Activité physique adaptée et nouvelle loi de santé

P. ATTALI, CHR de Strasbourg

Congrès Cœur, exercice et prévention
La prescription d’une activité physique adaptée s’intègre dans la nouvelle loi santé. Les trois grandes orientations de la stratégie nationale de santé sont de miser sur la prévention, d’organiser les soins autour des usagers et d’en garantir l’égal accès, et de renforcer l’information et les droits des patients. Selon l’OMS, la pratique régulière de la marche ou du vélo, à raison de 30 minutes par jour réduirait de 30 à 50 % l’incidence des maladies cardiovasculaires. Les évaluations faites en 2014 à Strasbourg et les travaux de la HAS en 2015 encouragent à la prescription d'une activité physique adaptée. 

Au cours de la dernière décennie, trois lois avaient précisé le périmètre et les modes de gouvernance de la politique de santé :
- la loi du 4 mars 2002, relative aux droits des malades et à la qualité du système de santé, a inscrit la participation des usagers à la gouvernance des politiques de santé ;
- la loi du 9 août 2004, relative à la politique de santé publique comprenait, dans une annexe, une liste de 100 objectifs sanitaires, associés à des indicateurs quantifiés ;
- la loi du 21 juillet 2009, portant réforme de l’hôpital et relative aux patients, à la santé et aux territoires, a défini la gouvernance régionale de santé en rassemblant au sein d’une seule agence la prévention, le soin et le médico-social.
Cette loi est d’ores et déjà intégrée dans le code de la santé publique. La protection des personnes en matière de santé y figure dans un titre comme suit « Prévention des facteurs de risque et promotion de l’activité physique ». Mais elle concerne seulement certains patients : « Dans le cadre du parcours de soins des patients atteints d’une affection de longue durée, le médecin traitant peut prescrire une activité physique adaptée à la pathologie, aux capacités physiques et au risque médical du patient ». Les activités physiques sont dispensées dans les conditions prévues par décret.
Ainsi, le bénéficiaire de cet article sera le patient atteint d’une ALD, par exemple pour affection cardiovasculaire, affection neurologique, affection néphrologique ou encore affection cancéreuse.
Cet article pose quand même plusieurs questions qui seront peut-être réglées par les décrets ou une recommandation qui en permettront l’application. Le médecin traitant est celui qui est déclaré comme tel, et donc d’autres médecins n’auraient pas droit de faire cette prescription. Le fait qu’elle doit être adaptée à la pathologie, aux capacités physiques et au risque médical explique que toutes ces conditions sont susceptibles de responsabilité : civile, professionnelle, administrative si on travaille en secteur public, éventuellement responsabilité disciplinaire, voire pénale.
Le texte d’application, prévu pour juillet 2016, permettra de clarifier quels seront les professionnels qui prescriront l’activité physique adaptée et ceux qui la mettront en oeuvre. Il précisera également s’il faut considérer cette prescription d’activité physique adaptée comme une thérapeutique, un acte de soins ou un acte médical, ce qui va entraîner des régimes juridiques différents.
Les freins à la pratique de l’activité physique des patients sont nombreux. Si l’on prend l’exemple des patients atteints de diabète de type 2, ils peuvent être physiques, comme l’obésité ou des comorbidités, mais le frein principal provient en fait de l’attitude du médecin vis-à-vis de l’activité physique adaptée. Car, souvent celui-ci n’aura pas envisagé de réadaptation physique pour son patient, voire ne lui en aura pas parlé ou ne l’aura pas rassuré sur la compatibilité de son état de santé avec cette pratique. En effet, le patient pourrait craindre la survenue, au cours des efforts physiques, d’une hypoglycémie, d’une poussée hypertensive, d’une aggravation de sa pathologie cardiaque éventuelle ou de problèmes avec ses médicaments.
Pour encourager et rassurer son patient dans cette démarche, le médecin devra lui expliquer que cette thérapeutique est prouvée comme étant efficace et concrétiser ce bénéfice potentiel en inscrivant l’activité physique sur une ordonnance.
Plusieurs formulations de cette prescription sont envisageables, comme par exemple : « activité physique au cours de 5 séances par semaine d’au moins 30 minutes ». Et s’il n’a pas le temps d’aller plus loin, il adressera son patient à un professionnel de l’activité physique. Celui-ci saura évaluer les goûts du patient, son histoire par rapport à l’activité physique et sportive, estimer ses capacités physiques, entre autres son endurance et sa souplesse. Ainsi, si le patient est complètement déconditionné et qu’il est essoufflé dès qu’il monte un escalier, il ne pourra pas lui être demandé de faire 30 minutes de marche rapide en une fois. Les lieux de réadaptation ne sont pas, pour l’instant, labellisés, mais ils ont déjà fait l’objet de chartes attestant que des professionnels de l’activité physique adaptée, spécifiquement formés, sont présents.
Ces professionnels peuvent être certains kinésithérapeutes, infirmiers ou éducateurs sportifs (STAPS) spécifiquement formés, c’est-à-dire qui doivent être au fait de la dimension « parcours de soins » et de ce que recouvre la notion de « pathologie chronique ».
Plusieurs groupes de travail à l’initiative des pouvoirs publics, dont la HAS, sont déjà constitués afin de clarifier, entre autres points, quels seront les professionnels de santé impliqués et comment aider les médecins traitants à prescrire cette activité physique.
D’après une table ronde Pierre Fabre, lors du 9e Forum européen Coeur, exercice & prévention, Paris, 17-18 mars 2016
Sous la direction de A. Ducardonnet (Paris), avec la participation de F. Claudot (Nancy), M. Duclos (Clermont-Ferrand) et D. Marcadet (Paris)

Le bougisme est l'antithèse du mouvement et de la prévention par l'exercice: l'état sacrifie le fond pour une forme dictée par les pubs

http://www.santepubliquefrance.fr/Actualites/Bouger-plus-une-necessite-pour-les-Francais

http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Environnement-et-sante/2017/Etude-de-sante-sur-l-environnement-la-biosurveillance-l-activite-physique-et-la-nutrition-Esteban-2014-2016-Chapitre-Activite-physique-et-sedentarite

Androgenic alopecia: the major cause of baldness in both sexes

10.1007/s00266-017-1004-y

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29101437


https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3681120/





Autologous PRP is a treatment with apparently very good B/R ratio...



Stop using your pillow,

https://nutritiousmovement.com/your-pillow-is-an-orthotic/


I did it for about 30-40 years...

https://nutritiousmovement.com/product/from-the-shoulders-up-dvd/

Top customer reviews

on June 13, 2012
Format: DVD|Verified Purchase
I suffer from thoracic outlet syndrome, a tight neck and TMJD. Probably all related to each other. Consequently, I already have a stack of books and DVDs on the subjects of therapeutic stretching, PT, posture, etc. Despite this, I found a new useful stretch on this DVD as well as a variation on a stretch I already knew. The variation is more comfortable for my body, while still being an effective stretch. The rest of the material was review for me, but having said that, I can vouch for its validity. And a little review never hurts. :-)

My symptoms have already improved from prior materials and PT by over 80%. But since that's less than 100%, I continue to search and explore. I'm glad I found this video for the reasons above.

If you have problems with your upper back, shoulders, neck or head, I highly recommend that you include this in your recovery and maintenance program. And if you work at a desk for long periods of time, I also recommend that you get this before little problems become big problems.

I also recommend 3 Minutes to a Pain-Free Life which nicely complements this video. The title is overhyped, but the advice and benefits are universal, similar to this video. We all have to live in our bodies and they affect our cognition and emotions more than many people appreciate.

Well if you're here, you're having problems too. Good luck with your recovery!

Sleeping on a hard surface: preliminary study on me

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1119282/


"Largely anecdotal evidence has been collected by “old timers” for over 50 years from non-Western societies that low back pain and joint stiffness is markedly reduced by adopting natural sleeping and resting postures. This observation must be recorded to allow further research in this direction as these primitive societies no longer exist and the great apes living in the wild are heading for extinction. All we have to do is to be good primates and use these preventive techniques."


"Des preuves anecdotiques ont été recueillies par des" anciens "depuis plus de 50 ans de sociétés non-occidentales, montrant que la lombalgie et la raideur articulaire sont nettement réduites en adoptant des postures naturelles de sommeil et de repos. direction puisque ces sociétés primitives n'existent plus et que les grands singes vivant dans la nature sont en voie de disparition, il suffit d'être de bons primates et d'utiliser ces techniques préventives."


https://www.haikudesigns.com/japanese-shiki-futons-and-sleeping-mats.htm?p=1802

mercredi 8 novembre 2017

The Concorde report about french healthcare

Some preliminary thoughts...

1/ There is a myth which is terrible to fight: there is no continuous progress. History is as chaotic as possible and innovation too. The recent history of medical innovation is the perfect illustration of this factual assertion.
2/ As all services in a market economy healthcare follow supply and demand except that subsidies increase demand. This increase depends on the ratio subsidy/premium and subsidy base.
3/ The business of an insurer is to use reimbursement wisely. The aim of a state-managed social security system is to reimburse maximally even with using public debt.
4/ The fallacy of the word "healthcare professional" is obvious: indeed in term of cost and quality of care, we have to look first to prescribers.

Quelques pensées préliminaires ...


1 / Il y a un mythe qui est terrible à combattre: il n'y a pas de progrès continu. L'histoire est aussi chaotique que possible et l'innovation aussi. L'histoire récente de l'innovation médicale illustre parfaitement cette affirmation factuelle.
2 / Comme tous les services dans une économie de marché, les soins de santé suivent l'offre et la demande, sauf que les subventions augmentent la demande. Cette augmentation dépend du ratio subvention / prime et base de subvention.
3 / L'activité d'un assureur consiste à utiliser le remboursement à bon escient. Le but d'un système de sécurité sociale géré par l'État est de rembourser au maximum même en utilisant la dette publique.
4 / L'erreur du mot «professionnel de la santé» est évidente: en effet, en terme de coût et de qualité des soins, il faut d'abord se tourner vers les prescripteurs.


Back to the report.


The first point is about the first subtitle: should health expenses should be reduced? The answer is: the question is very badly formulated. What reduction? Reduction of prices? Of tariffs? Of the cost of goods and services? Of demand? Of public, private expenses?
We are pleased to hear that the report was written by a group of experts including health economists and they have prudently chosen to remain anonymous. Indeed the subject is illness and care but not health. In this setting, expenses must be appropriate and strictly linked to illness and care. this is a major consideration as the French healthcare system is characterized by a great amount of cash reimbursement which is not linked to illness and care. I mean "indemnités journalières", "medical " transports and "cures thermales" without forgetting to mention the nebulous budget item: "other medical goods and services".


Retour au rapport



Le premier point concerne le premier sous-titre: les dépenses de santé devraient-elles être réduites? La réponse est: la question est très mal formulée. Quelle réduction? Réduction des prix? Des tarifs? Du coût des biens et services? De la demande? De dépenses publiques et privées?
Nous sommes heureux d'apprendre que le rapport a été rédigé par un groupe d'experts comprenant des économistes de la santé et qu'ils ont prudemment choisi de rester anonymes. En effet, le sujet est la maladie et les soins, mais pas la santé. Dans ce contexte, les dépenses doivent être appropriées et strictement liées à la maladie et aux soins. C'est une considération majeure car le système de santé français est caractérisé par une grande quantité de remboursement en espèces qui n'est pas liée à la maladie et aux soins. Je veux parler des indemnités journalistiques, des transports "médicaux" et des "cures thermales" sans oublier de mentionner le poste budgétaire nébuleux: "autres biens et services médicaux".

Sex gender and biology

https://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/201711/sculpted-evolution

vendredi 3 novembre 2017

How to learn freedom

The fast and furious rise of the alt-right in Europe, the UK, and the US has caught many people intellectually off-guard. I can speak for myself in this respect. My education and reading prepared me well to understand the statism of the left. My instincts became finely tuned. The threat to liberty from the right was always an abstraction: something that happened in history but had no present relevance.

The roots of this new movement are much deeper than, for example, the Trump campaign.

Herein lies the danger of ever having considered yourself a completed intellectual. There is always more to know.

At some point in the last few years, something changed. It became impossible to ignore the rise of the collectivist right wing, one that rejects liberty and individualism in favor of statism and tribalism, that also claims to be the only viable alternative to the left. The war is on, and you see it everywhere: on campus, on social media, and even on the streets.

In retrospect, it’s clear that the roots of this new movement are much deeper than, for example, the Trump campaign. There are sightings of the movement as far back as the early 1990s, and it is going to take some serious historical examination to trace all the forces and influences that led to it.

That’s for later. For now, the most important step is to gain an understanding of this strange ideology and what it means for the free society. We need more than images of screaming marchers waving Nazi flags. We need to understand the ideas behind it all (and this is true also for those who find themselves tempted by alt-right ideology). These ideas need to become real in our minds and thereby recognizable even when its adherents aren’t giving Nazi salutes. We need a crash course in what I think is most accurately called right-Hegelianism. We need a conception of its roots, history, and meaning.

Mises the Anti-Fascist

The most important single work on right-collectivism is Omnipotent Government (1944) by Ludwig von Mises. The author himself, a lifetime opponent of socialism, was forced to flee his home in Vienna when the Nazi threat arrived. He left for Geneva in 1934 and came to the United States in 1940, where he went to work almost immediately, reconstructing the intellectual history and meaning of what was called fascism and Nazism.

Mises will train your intellectual instincts to make sense out of what might seem like chaos around you.

The book appeared just as the war was ending. Here Mises reveals the economics, politics, and cultural appeal, as well as the conditions, that led to the Nazi rise. He deals very frankly with issues like trade, race, market integration, Jewry, discrimination, class resentment, imperialism, demographic control, trade, and the core illiberalism of rightist collectivism.

What you get out of this book: Mises will train your intellectual instincts to make sense out of what might seem like chaos around you. You will see patterns. You will see connections. You will see trajectories of thought and where they end up. In a strange way, then, the result of the book is to create a calming effect. It makes sense of the whole complicated mess. The book is also infused with an amazing and powerful passion that could only come from someone with his brilliance and direct and personal experience with the problem at hand.

F.A. Hayek the Anti-Fascist

My next choice is the most famous book that nobody today has read. It came out the same year as Mises’s book. It is The Road to Serfdom by F.A. Hayek.

The usual interpretation of this book’s core message–that the welfare state brings about socialism–is completely wrong. What Hayek actually argues is that socialism takes many forms, styles, and shades (red and brown, or left and right) and every variation results in the loss of freedom. You can believe you are fighting fascism with socialism and end up with a fascistic state, or you can fight socialism with fascism and end up with an authoritarian socialist state. He demonstrates that these really are false alternatives, and the only real and sustainable alternative to dictatorship is the free society.

Fabian-style socialists imagined themselves to be great fighters of fascism. They were not.

Here again, Hayek had a profound personal interest in the outcome of the great ideological struggles of his time and understood them very well. He too was driven out of his home by the Nazi threat and landed in London where the academic scene was dominated by Fabian-style socialists who imagined themselves to be great fighters of fascism. Hayek shocked them all by calling them out: the system you want to manage society will actually bring about the very thing you claim to oppose. In other words, the book is not as much about the reds as it is about the browns and the threat that this way of thinking poses even to England and America.

In the course of his argument, he offers a basic tutorial in the functioning of freedom itself, which can never mean “rule by intellectuals” or “rule by intelligent social managers” but rather defers to the knowledge discovery process that characterizes the choices of individuals in society.

John T. Flynn the Anti-Fascist

The year 1944 also saw the publication of one of the greatest but least remembered attacks on fascism ever written: John T. Flynn’s As We Go Marching.

Leonard Read came to Mises and asked him to write up a large essay that provides a one-stop shop for all things political.

Flynn was an amazing writer and thinker who came out of the anti-New Deal movement of the 1930s. This is his best and most scholarly work, with a full biography of Mussolini and a rich examination of fascist ideology. He provides the best list of traits of fascist politics I’ve seen. The message, in the end, is about how every warring state adopts fascist forms, with a specific accusation directed against Washington, D.C.. In some ways, his message is similar to Hayek’s but more tactile and focused.

Three years after the above books appeared, FEE founder Leonard Read came to Mises and asked him to write up a large essay that provides a one-stop shop for all things political that Mises had learned during his life. The manuscript grew and grew until it became a book that appeared in 1947: Planned Chaos. It’s a masterpiece, one that bears reading and re-reading throughout your life.

I’ve looked far and wide for another essay from the period that directly connects Nazi experiments with American eugenics and failed to find one. Mises saw that relationship and called it out in several amazing passages. Directly relevant here are the sections on fascism and Nazism in particular. In brief form, he explains the roots of the terror in intellectual error.

The Terrible History

And this takes us directly to the hidden history of demographic planning in America. No understanding of right-Hegelianism and its implications can take shape without grappling with this weirdly hidden history.

Racism is an ideology and a statist tactic for managing the social order.

Why is it so hidden and why has it taken 100 years to finally deal with the scandal that nearly the entire American ruling intellectual class was consumed by eugenic ideology for many decades before World War II? I suspect the reason is embarrassment about what happened. In particular, Progressives do not want to talk about this.

Eugenics is an inevitable outcome of any form of identitarianism that focuses on race and geography, as the alt-right does (the alt-left is the same!). If you can’t control the “anarchy of human reproduction,” all bets are off. In some ways, controlling birth is the first order of business for any form of rightist totalitarianism. That means: racism as an ideology and a statist tactic for managing the social order.

I’m always intrigued about the young boys on the streets shouting racist slogans and wearing MAGA hats, imagining that they are so politically incorrect. They have no idea that they are actually adopting the views of the entire American ruling class from a century ago that built the state they claim to hate. Indeed, most Americans know absolutely nothing about this history and how it was absolutely central to the building of the invasive and ubiquitous state that emerged out of the Progressive Era.

Progressivism Is Racism

It's one of the great ironies of intellectual/political history how the left and right blend into a single oppositional force to the free society. 

The most important tutorial is Thomas Leonard’s explosively brilliant Illiberal Reformers: Race, Eugenics, and American Economics in the Progressive Era (2016). This book (packed with footnotes that will keep you busy for weeks) documents how eugenic ideology corrupted the entire social science profession in the first two decades of the 20th century. Across the board, in the books and articles of the profession, you find all the concerns about race suicide, the poisoning of the national bloodstream by inferiors, and the desperate need for state planning to breed people the way ranchers breed animals. Talk about hidden history!

Now, you might say: these are Progressives, not rightists! It’s true and that speaks to Hayek’s point about red and brown being the inevitable expressions of factionalism with any single movement. The core point is that the word “progressive” here is ridiculously wrong. They were all reactionaries against the right of laissez-faire in the 19th century that drove such explosive demographic changes. It's one of the great ironies of intellectual/political history how the left and right blend into a single oppositional force to the free society. 

This next book deals directly with this problem. It was a formative book for me personally because it answered a question I had long entertained but never answered. The question is this. Why was the free society overthrown so quickly and with such decisiveness and in such a short time, even though we were then surrounded by the evidence of the success of the free society? It’s long been a mystery to me.

Snobbery and Statism

Markets were displacing the old aristocracy, transforming the cities, bringing the masses new consumer products, and transforming class relations.

The answer is provided by John Carey’s The Intellectuals and the Masses: Pride and Prejudice Among the Literary Intelligentsia, 1880–1939 (2005) reveals a side to upper-class intellectuals in the UK that you didn’t know existed. They despised the free market, not because it didn’t work but because it did work. It was displacing the old aristocracy, transforming the cities, bringing the masses new consumer products, and transforming class relations. And they hated it. In other words, the revolt against laissez faire was fed by snobbery, and that led to the most extreme solution justified in the name of eugenics: the extermination of inferiors.

To see how this played out in the US, have a look at the harrowing and horrible evidence marshaled in Edwin Black’s War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America’s Campaign to Create a Master Race (2003, 2012). It shows how eugenics was central to Progressive Era politics. Laws requiring sterilization claimed 60,000 victims, but that was just the beginning. The entire nature and purpose of the regime changed in the direction of comprehensive social planning, a movement that is simply impossible to comprehend without realizing that eugenic and racist (and, inevitably, misogynistic) concerns were the driving force.

Jonah Goldberg’s Liberal Fascism (2009) covers much of the same territory. It is an outstanding book that will continue to pay high returns for decades. The book is flawed, however, by the author’s incessant desire to blame everything that went wrong on the “left” and the “liberals” (talk about a misnomer!). His refusal to acknowledge the broadness of the eugenic movement and its diverse ideological expressions – which were fundamentally conservative in motivation – makes the whole book come across like some partisan attack. If only he had admitted that the revolt against laissez faire took on many colorings, the book would have made a much more powerful statement for freedom and against statism in all its forms.

Champions of freedom need to have a broad view of the threats we face.

Right-Hegelianism also takes religious forms. It begins with a small sect that believes its religion has been unbearably corrupted by modernity and seeks out ancient texts as guides to reconstructing it in a purer if forgotten form. The results depart from the organic development of the faith in question to embrace a rationalist reconstruction.

It has great leaders that builds a movement focused on some great restorative act that involves coercion and the invention of a rationale for every manner of immortality. Such movements have popped up in the 20th century within varieties of religious expression, including Catholicism, Protestantism, Judaism, Islam, Magic, and Occultism. The strange guide here is Mark Sedgwick’s Against the Modern World: Traditionalism and the Secret Intellectual History of the Twentieth Century.

That’s the main list, the books that open up a new world of intellectual exploration and shine so much light on where we are today. More valuable, still, is reading the original works of these thinkers, from Johann Fichte to Friedrich List to John Ruskin to Madison Grant to Carl Schmitt and beyond. The loathing of liberalism is never more obvious than when experienced from the author's own hand. This is the best way to get into their heads and understand (and thereby combat) their worldview.

Champions of freedom need to have a broad view of the threats we face and that requires some serious study. Then the next step is just as important: develop a new vision of the kind of person you want to become so you can make the largest possible contribution to the society we want to see around us.

Jeffrey A. Tucker
Jeffrey A. Tucker

Jeffrey Tucker is Director of Content for the Foundation for Economic Education. He is founder of Liberty.me, Distinguished Honorary Member of Mises Brazil, economics adviser to FreeSociety.com, research fellow at the Acton Institute, policy adviser of the Heartland Institute, founder of the CryptoCurrency Conference, member of the editorial board of the Molinari Review, an advisor to the blockchain application builder Factom, and author of five books, most recently Right-Wing Collectivism: The Other Threat to Liberty, with a preface by Deirdre McCloskey (FEE 2017). He has written 150 introductions to books and many thousands of articles appearing in the scholarly and popular press.

This article was originally published on FEE.org. Read the original article.

 
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